All of us have seen the figures relating to high prevalence of malnutrition in children in India published on the basis of Hunger and Malnutrition Survey in rural India, HUNGaNA 2010-11. The survey focussed on 100 districts (referred to as focus districts) which were at the bottom of the Child Development Index developed in 2009 by Indicus Analytics for Unicef. Some of the facts are as follows.
42% of under-five children in focus districts are underweight. Although compared to 53% of 2002-04, there appears to be a improvement.
59% of under-five children in focus districts are stunted (being height less than expected)
Even in the six best district (other than the above 100 districts), where Child Development Index was much better, under-weight (33%) and stunting (43%) though lower was still substantially high – suggesting endemic and persistent nature of problem.
An important finding of the survey is that lower the socio-economic background of the family / mother (including lower level of education of the mother), higher the malnutrition %.
– Based on an article appearing in Indian Express
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